state your point/topic (first sentence) e.g Simon’s narration is significant in “disaster chapter 5”
Expand with relevant background detail. e.g Simon’s narration is told through Joes perspective however Simon validated Joe’s account as “fair and correct”. Simon’s “voice” reveals that he resented Joe’s injury and that he left justified in distancing himself from Joe.
Examples(specific) e.g The text states “..” The reader is told “..” It is revealed “..” Words like “..” The selected text”..” Tells us ….
Response (Your response) – What does the reader learn? What does the reader think/visualise/feel? What connections can the reader make to other experiences or contexts? What is the overall purpose/message? You can include a cross-reference to a relevant situation, person, place, time … e.g The reader understands from this narration that Simon is calculating the value of his life against Joe’s. He also treats the situation logically and considers the “odds” of their survival, if Joe is assisted down the mountain. This presents an interesting reality about human nature: should we risk our own life for others? When does our relationship or commitment to a person end? Is it excusable to relinquish when we are endangered ourselves.